9. The Instrumentative
9. The Ninth
Subject, or the Instrumentative
deals with instrumentality. It is considered in two ways: naturally, as
for instance an eye which is an instrument for seeing; and morally, as
for instance, justice is an instrument for making judgments and a hammer
is an instrument for forging.
instruments can be known by discussing them in their specific ways with
the principles and rules of this Art, and so with moral instruments which
apply in their own specific ways to the same principles and rules.
are differences between natural and moral instruments, and we leave this
discourse or discussion up to the diligent intellect. But if the artist's
intellect needs help in this discourse, he can resort to Ars Magna, where
we deal more broadly with moral matters. Given that we mentioned morality
in the alphabet, let us define some moral instruments to enable the artist
to learn about moral matters.
instrumentative is a power with which moral persons act in a moral way.
is a habit with which the just act justly.
is a habit with which prudent persons act prudently.
is a habit with which strong hearts act courageously.
is a habit with which temperate persons act temperately.
is a habit with which one believes in truths he can neither sense nor understand.
is a habit with which one hopes to receive forgiveness and glory from the
Lord, and has confidence in his good and powerful friend.
is a virtue whereby one contributes his own wealth to the common good.
is a habit whereby the patient man wins and does not lose.
is a habit whereby the compassionate person is grieved by the suffering
of his fellow creatures.
is a habit whereby a rich man acts like a poor beggar.
is a habit whereby the glutton ends up in the clutches of illness and poverty.
is a habit whereby the lecher abuses his faculties against the law of marriage.
is a habit whereby the conceited man strives to be above others, with no
regard for humility.
or sloth, is a habit whereby the slothful man is grieved by the fortune
of others, and rejoices in their misfortune.
is a habit whereby the envious man unjustly craves the belongings of others.
is a habit whereby the irate man binds his freedom of thought.
is the habit whereby liars speak out or testify against the truth.
is a habit whereby inconstant persons are prone to many changes.
dealt with the nine subjects. The artist can learn more about them by discussing
them with the principles and rules of this Art.